Food poisoning can occur when a person eats or drinks food contaminated with certain types of:-
- viruses, and
Food can be contaminated during:-
- handling or
- through dirt, dust, and water found in the environment.
- stomach pain and
usually within 48 hours of eating the contaminated food. The symptoms of food poisoning are often caused by chemicals (toxins) released by the infecting bacteria. Food poisoning may spread if a person comes into contact with stool from an infected person.
- cooking foods thoroughly,
- storing them properly, and
- hand-washing before preparing food will help prevent food poisoning.
Examples of bacteria types that may cause food poisoning include:-
- campylobacter and
- E. coli.
Viruses that may cause food poisoning include noroviruses. Parasites that may cause food poisoning include Toxoplasma gondii.
Botulism is a rare form of food poisoning that can be caused by eating foods that were not canned properly.