Appointment of Chief Justice of India:
Under Article 24 of the Constitution of India, the Chief Justice of India/Supreme Court of India is appointed by the President of India.
Generally, the Senior Most Justice of Supreme Court of India will be appointed as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India/Chief Justice of India.
The Powers and Responsibilites of the Chief Justice of India:
The Chief Justice of India is responsible for:
- Maintenance of the roster of the Supreme Court of India,
- Appointment of court officials,
- General and miscellaneous matters relating to the supervision and functioning of the Supreme Court of India,
- Allocation of cases to the other judges of the Supreme Court of India and the other judges are bound to refer the matter back to the Chief Justice, in case they require the matter to be looked into by a bench of higher strength, and
- Appointment of constitutional benches to deal with important matters of law.
The Chief Justice of India shall act as the President of India in the event of the offices of both the President and the Vice President being vacant.
Retirement /Removal of Chief Justice of India:
Under Article 124(4) of Constitution of India the Chief Justice of India will retire on completion of 65 years of age.
The Chief Justice of India can be removed on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity, through a process of impeachment by both the houses of theParliament of India, by an order of the President of India, after addressing in both the houses and voting by the members of the Parliament and by a two-third -majority decision in each the house of the Parliament of India.
Following is the list of the Chief Justices of India Since 1950:
S.No./Name of the Chief Justice/From/To
1/ H. J. Kania /26th January 1950 /6th November 1951
2/M. Patanjali Sastri /7th November 1951/3rd January 1954
4/Bijan Kumar Mukherjee /23rd December 1954/ 31st January 1956
8/Amal Kumar Sarkar / 16th March 16, 1966 / 29th June 1966 105 days
9/Koka Subba Rao/ 30th June 1966 /11th April 1967
11/Mohammad Hidayatullah /25th February 1968 /16th December 1970- (Hidayatullah had been the Acting President of India From 20th July 1969 To 24th August 1969 and the Vice-President of
India From 20th August 1977 To 20th August 1982)
14/Ajit Nath Ray / 26th April 1973/27th January 1977
15/Padma Vibhushan- Mirza Hameedullah Beg/28th January 1977/21st February 21 1978
17/Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati / 12th July 1985/ 20th December 1986
22/Kamal Narain Singh / 25th November 1991 / 12th December 1991
23/Madhukar Hiralal Kania / 13th December 1991 / 17th November 1992
24/Lalit Mohan Sharma / 18th November 1992/ 11th Februa 1 y 1993
25/Manepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah /12th February 1993/ 24th October 24, 1994
27/Jagdish Sharan Verma / 25th March 1997 / 17th January 1998
28/Madan Mohan Punchhi / 18th January 1998 / 9th October 1998
30/Sam Piroj Bharucha / 11th January 2001 / 6th May 2002
32/Gopal Ballav Pattanaik / 8th November 2002 / 19th December 2002
34/S. Rajendra Babu /2nd May 2004 / 1st June 2004
39/Altamas Kabir / From 29th September 2012 To 18th July 2013