Biography of Bharathidasan- Tamil Poet-“Puratchi Kavignar”

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Name: Subburathinam/Kanaka Subburathinam

Known As: Bharathidasan/”Puratchi Kavignar”/”Paavendar”

Father: Mr.Kanagasabai Mudaliar

Mother:Mrs. Lakshmi Ammal

Date of Birth:29th April 1891 at Pondichery

Date of Death: 21st April 1964 (at the age of 72 years) at Madras

Education:Kanaka Subburathinam  had learnt Tamil Grammar, Tamil Literature and Saiva Siddhantha Vedanta from reputed scholars.

Studied at College Calve at Pondichery

Occupation: Teacher, Tamil Poet

Kanaka Subburathinam  worked as a Tamil Teacher in Karaikal from the year 1919.

Kanaka Subburathinam  had been a follower of ‘Mahakavi-Subramania Bharathiar’ and called himself ‘Bharathidasan’/Lover of Bharathi.

Bharathidasan actively participated in the ‘Indian Independence Movement’ and by his writings he opposed the Brtish Government ruling India and the French Government ruling Pondichery.

Bharthidasan’s writings influenced the ‘Dravidian Movement’ in the state of Madras/Tamilnadu.

In the year 1955 Bharathidasasn was elected to the Puduchery Legislative Assembly.

However, he was defeated in the elections in the year 1960.

Bharathidasan has written many Tamil poems and some of his poems/ parts were used in  popular Tamil Cinema songs.

Awards and Recognitions Given to Bharathidasan:

  • Bharthidasan was given the title “Puratchi Kavignar”/Revolutionary Poet and “Paavendar”/Emperor of Poems
  • Golden Parrot Prize for his play “Amaithi Oomai” in the year 1946
  • Sahitya Academy Award (Posthumously) in the year 1970 for his play ‘Pisiranthaiyar’
  • The Government of India released a commemorative stamp of Bharathidasan on 9th October 2001.
  • A State University in Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu has been named “Bharathidasan University”
  • Many roads in Tamilnadu are named after Bharathidasan.
  • The Tamilnadu Government awards “Bharathidasan Award” annually to a Tamil Poet

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