Known As: “Latchiya Nadigar “- S.S.Rajendran / S.S.R.
Date of Birth:
January 1928 – Born At Usilampatti, Madurai District, Tamilnadu
Date of Death:
24th October 2014 – At the Age of 86 years- Died at Chennai
(On 24th October 2015, SSR’s Family Members and Fans will observe the First Anniversary of SS Rajendran’s Demise. Let us Pray to the Almighty for His Soul To Rest In Peace / RIP)
Name of Father: Surya Narayana Devar (Had been sn official in the Education Department of the State Government of Madras)
Name of Mother : Aadhilakshmi
- R.Pankajammal -Was a Co-Actess in Stage Dramas- Married
- Actress C.R.Vijayakumari – Was a Co-star in Movies- Lived Together and had a son and got separated
- Thamarai Selvi -Married (Second Time) with the consent of SSR’s mother
Children:-( 5 Sons and 2 Daughters)
By R.Pankajammal (First Wife) :
3 Sons: Elangovan, Rajendra Kumar, Selvaraj and
1 Daughter: Bhagyalakshmi
By C.R.Vijayakumari :
1 Son: Ravi Kumar
By Thamarai Selvi (Second Wife):
1 Son: Kannan alias Marudhu Pandian
1 Daughter: Lakshmi
Drama Actor-Producer-Director, Tamil Movie Actor-Producer-Director, Politician
Education : Studied upto the 6th Standard
Drama / Cinema Career of SSR:
When SSR was studying in the 6th Class, he joined “Puliya Maanagar Boys’ Company” of Stage Dramas of P.K.Subba Reddiar. .
SSR had been acting in small roles in the Stage Dramas of the Boys’ Company and he was given the role of ‘Bala Abhimanyu’.
Then, SSR joined the “T.K.S. Brothers’ Dramas Company” of the popular Drama Producer-Director-Actor T.K.Shanmugam and his younger brother T.K. Bhagavathi.
When SSR Rajendran was only 15 years old, as T.K.Shanmugam was ill, Rajendran had acted in the hero role- ‘Shenbaga Pandian’ of his guru T.K.Shanmugam, in the drama – ‘Siva Leela’
Afterwards, Rajendran joined ‘Mohana Gana Sabha’-Madras.
SSR’s Dramas Career:
SS Rajendran had stared his Tamil Drama Company- ‘S.S.R.Nataka Mandram’ in the year 1947.
SSR staged his dramas in many places of Tamilnadu and even in other States of India.
SSR staged his Tamil Stage Drama in ‘Shanmugananda Hall’ at Bombay (Mumbai) in the presence of popular Bollywood Star Raj Kapoor and his father Prithviraj Kapoor.
The following are some of the notable Tamil Stage Dramas of the ‘S.S.R.Nataka Mandram’:
“Orr Iravu” written by ‘Perarignar’ C.N.Annadurai
“Mani Magudam” written by ‘Kalaignar’ M.Karunanidhi
“Then Paandi Veeran” written by P.Nedumaran.
SSR introduced the following Actors in his Stage Dramas:
- M.N.Rajam ( Born in the year 1940) -Acted in Stage Dramas of ‘SSR Nataka Mandram’ in the year 1947, at the age of 7 years 1947, who became a popular Tamil Character and Negative Roles Actress
- ‘Aachi’Manorama- (1937-2015)- Became the Actress in ‘SSR Nataka Mandram’ in the year 1949, at the age of 12 years, who became a popular-‘Guinness Record’ Tamil Movie Comedy Actress
- ‘Navarasa Thilagam’ R.Muthuraman (1929-1981)- (Father of popular Tamil Movie Actor –‘Navarasa Nayagan’ Karthik)- Became a Stage Drama Actor in ‘SSR Nataka Mandram’ in the year 1950, who later became a popular character Tamil Actor
- Sheela (Born on 22nd March 1945)- Became a Stage Drama Actress in the ‘SSR Nataka Mandram’ in the year 1958, at the age of 13 years, who became a popular Malayalam Actress. Sheela hold a Guinness World Record for having acted in the most number of movies – 107 Movies, in Malayalam pairing along with the popular Malayalam Actor Prem Nazir
SSR As a Singer:
SSR had been a talented singer and he used to perform “Villuppaattu” / Bow Songs Concerts.
SSR became a Tamil Movie Playback Singer in the Tamil Movie-‘Andaal’.
SSR sang his first Tamil Movie song ‘Inba Ulagile Manmadhan Poonganai’ in the music of popular Tamil Music Director G.Ramanathan.
SSR has sung another song “Senthamizh Nattu Kaithari Nesavu Selaigal Vettigal Vanguveer”(Meaning: Please buy Tamil Nadu’s Handloom Weaved Sarees and Dhoties) in the Movie- “Pudhumai Penn” (1959), written by Udumalai Narayana Kavi and with the music composed by K.V.Mahadevan.
SSR himself has written some songs for the Tamil Movies and written the scripts for some movies and he has directed 3 Tamil movies.
The popular playback singer T.M.Soundara Rajan / TMS and K.Jamuna Rani have sung the song – “Thunbam Theeraadho” written by SSR for the Movie ‘Thangarathinam (1960)- Starring SSR and C.R.Vijayakumari.
SSR was very fond of the unique voice of TMS and he considered him as the ‘Golden Treasure of Tamil Cinema’.
Mellisai Mannar M.S.Viswanathan composed music for another song – “Indraikku Naan Pirandhen” written by SSR, for the movie ‘Rettai Manithan'(1981)- Starring SSR and Latha.
SSR’s Tamil Cinema Career:
In the year 1952, Rajendran acted in his first hit Tamil Movie ‘Parasakthi’, directed by the Twin-Directors Krishnan and Panchu.
SSR acted as the elder brother of Sivaji Ganesan, in the movie ‘Parasakthi’, the first/debut movie of Nadigar Thilagam Sivaji Ganesan.
Though SSR had acted in small roles in some Tamil movies earlier ‘Parasakthi’ has been SSR’s First Hit Tamil Movie.
In Tamil Movies, SSR has acted pairing along with the following Actresses:
- B.Saroja Devi
- Raja Sulochana
- Kanchana and
SSR has acted as “Abhimanyu” a Mythological Character, when he had been a young boy. However, SSR had a principle that he would not act in any mythological characters, in both Stage Dramas and Cinemas, following the principles of ‘Thanthai” Periyaar and ‘Perarignar C.N.Annadurai. So, SSR was called ‘Latchiya Nadigar’ / Actor with a Principle
SSR As a Movie Director:
The following are the 3 Tamil Movies Directed by SSR :
- Thanga Rethinam (1960)-Starring SSR and C.R.Vijayakumari
- Alli (1964) -Starring SSR and C.R.Vijaykumari along with M.R.Radha and
- Mani Magudam (1966)-Based on his Stage Drama ‘Mani Magudam’, Starring SSR, J Jayalalitha, C.R.Vijayalakshmi and M.N.Nambiar.
SSR has acted in 70 Tamil Movies and the following are some of his notable Movies:-
The following is a List of some notable Tamil Movies out of the more than 70 Movies acted by SSR:-
Name of the Movie / Co-Star(s)/Remarks /Year:
Paraasakthi / Sivaji Ganesan, Pandaribai / SSR’s the First / Debut movie – Directed by Krishnan-Panchu /1952
Retha kanneer / M.R.Radha, Sivaranjani / Directed by Krishnan – Panchu /1954
Kuladeivam /M.N.Rajam/Directed by Krishanan-Panchu/ 1956
Mudhalali / Devika, M.N.Rajam / Directed by Muktha V. Srinivasan / 1957
Anbu Enge / K.Balaji, Devika /Directed by D.Yoganand/1958
Petra Maganai Vitra Annai /C.R.Vijayakumari/ /The First Movie paired with C.R.Vijayakumari/1958
Pillai Kani Amudhu/E.V.Saroja / Directed by M.A.Thiurmugam /1958
President Panchatcharam / B.Saroja Devi / Directed By A.Bhim Singh/ /1959
Sivagangai Seemai / Kumari Kamala, M.N.Rajam / Produced by Kannadasan /1959
Raja Desingu / M.G.Ramachandran (MGR), P.Bhanumathi, Padmini / The first movie acted with MGR / 1960
Dheivathin Dheivam / C.R.Vijayakumari / Directed by K.S.Gopalakrishnan / 1962
Kanchi Thalaivan / M.G.Ramachandran, P.Bhanumathi, C.R.Vijayakumari / Story, Screenplay, Production by ‘Kalaignar M Karunanidhi / 1963
Kattu Roja / Padmini / Film by Modern Theatres-Directed by A.Subbarao /1963
Naanum Oru Penn / C.R.Vijayakumari / AVM Productions / The film won the ‘National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil’ at 11th National Film Awards and also won ‘Filmfare Award for Best Film 1963 ’ and ‘Cinema Fans Award for Best film 1963’/ 1963
Vanambadi / R.Muthuraman, Devika, Master Kamal Hassan / Produced by Kannadasan / 1963
Poompuhar / C.R.Vijayakumari, Rajashree / Based on the Tamil Epic ‘Silappadhigaaram’ –Screenplay by ‘Kalaignar’ M Karunanidhi / 1964
Kakkum Karangal / C.R.Vijayakumari, Sivakumar/ The first Film for Sivakumar / 1965
Kai Kodutha Deivam / Sivaji Ganesan, Savithiri, K.R.Vijaya / Directed by K.S.Gopalakrishan-The movie won ‘National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil’ – President’s Silver Medal in the year 1965 / 1964
Mani Magudam / C.R.Vijayakumari, J Jayalalitha / Based on SSR’s Stage Drama ‘Mani Magudam’ acted by ‘Aachi ‘-Manorama-Produced and Directed by SSR-/ 1966
Avan Pithana? / C.R.Vijayakumari, Anjali Devi /Directed by P.Neelakantan- Screenplay by ‘Kalaignar’M.Karunanidhi /1966
Kula Vilakku / Gemini Ganesan, B.Saroja Devi / Directed by K.S.Gopalakrishnan / 1969
Ethiroli /Sivaji Ganesan, K.R.Vijaya, Sivakumar, Lakshmi, Jyothilakshmi / Produced and Directed by K.Balachander /1970
Anbin Mugavari / Mohan, Viji, Sasikala, Sathyaraj / Directed by Manivannan / 1985
Rajali / Ramki, Roja, Napolean / Directed by Velu .Prabhakaran / 1996
Dharma / Vijayakanth, Preetha, Vijayakumar, Shilpa / Directed by KR / 1998
Vallarasu / Vijayakanth, Devayani / Produced by Vijayakanth / 2000
Rishi / Sarath Kumar, Meena, Prakashraj, Sanghavi, Arun Pandian, S.V.Sekar /Directed by Sundar C / 2001
Dum / Silambarasan T.R., Rakshita, Ashish Vidyarthi / Silambarasan, Rakshitha, Ashish Vidyarthi /The last Movie/2003
The Political Career of SSR:
SS Rajendran joined the ‘Dravida Munnetra Kazhagm’/DMK in the year 1949, when the party was formed by ‘Perarignar C.N.Annadurai coming out of the Dravidar Kazhagam / DK of Thanthai EV Ramasamy Periyar, . SSR is one of the Founder-Member of the party-DMK.
SSR had purchased land in Teynampet and donated to the DMK party for its office ‘Anbagam’.
SSR was the first ‘Member of the Legislative Assembly’ / M.L.A. of Madras State, elected from the Theni Constituency as a DMK candidate in the year 1962.
Afterwards, SSR was elected as a ‘Member of the Parliament’/MP- Rajya Sabha.
SSR joined the ‘All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam’ and became a MLA, elected from Aandipatti Constituency, as a candidate of the AAIDMK of MGR in the year 1980.
A village ‘Aathuppatty’ near Andipatti area was washed away in the floods. SSR purchased 5 acres of land with his own funds and donated to the villagers of ‘Aathuppatty’ and the new village formed in the land is named after him- ‘Rajendra Nagar’.
Awards and Honours Given to SSR:
The Presiden’s Award / State and Central Awards / 7 Times
Founder Member of the ‘South Indian Artiste’s Association’ / SIAA
SSR has been elected as the President of SIAA 3 times
Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Award Awarded by the State Government of Tamilnaud in the year 1999
Kalaimamani Award /State Government of Tamilnadu
Auto-Biography of SS Rajendran:
The Auto-Biography of SSR, titled “Naan Vandha Paadhai’ “/ “The Path I Came Along”written and kept by him was published after his death by Agani Publising House of Poet Vennila.