List of Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizen Under Constitution of India

List of Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizen Under Constitution of India

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The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950.constitution-of-india

The Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizen were included in the Constitution of India right from the drafting of the constitution.fundamental-rights

However, the Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizen were added/ inserted only after 27 years.fundamental_duties

Originally the following  10 Fundamental Duties were given vide the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution of India,  under Article 51 A, in the year 1976:-

It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to:

  1. Abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
  2. Cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
  3. Uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
  4. Defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
  5. Promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood among all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
  6. Value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
  7. Protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
  8. Develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
  9. Safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
  10. Strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement;

In the year 2002 vide the 86th Amendment the following was added as the 11th Duty of the Indian Citizen:

  1. Every Indian Parent or Guardian must ensure that their child or ward was provided opportunities for education between the ages of 6 and 14 years




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