FIDE (Federation Internationale des Echecs- in French) founded on 20th July 1924 in Paris, France was recognized by the International Olympic Committee as an ‘International Sports Federation’ in the year 1999.
Accordingly, ‘FIDE’ has become the ‘World Chess Federation’ and the ”World Chess Championship” /FIDE World Championship Matches/Tournaments /FWCM have been conducted by FIDE.
To determine the ‘World Chess Champion’ of 2013, the defending champion Viswanathan Anand of India had to play against the ‘challenger’ for the title.
The ‘challenger’ of the World Chess Champion title was selected by FIDE’s “2013-Candidates Tournament” conducted in the Institution of Engineering and Technology, Savoy Place, London, from 15th March to 1st April 2013.
The ‘2013- candidates tournament’ was held in the ‘Double Round Robbins’– method, for the first time in the past more than 50 years, instead of the ‘knock out’– method.
The 8 participants of the 2013 Candidates Tournament were as under:
A) The top three finishers in the Chess World Cup 2011-
1. Peter Svidler of Russia
2. Alexander Grischuk of Russia
3. Vassily Ivanchuk of Ukraine
B) Candidates Tournament Organizing committee’s wild card candidate-
4. Teimour Radjabov of Azerbaijan
C) Loser of the World Chess Championship 2012-
5. Boris Gelfand of Israel
D) The three highest rated players in the world, excluding any of the above three Categories A, B and C:
6. Magnus Carlsen of Norway
7. Levon Aronian of Armenia
8. Vladimir Kramnik of Russia
The Results and the Ranks at the end of the 2013 Candidates Tournament were as given below:
- Rank 1- The Winner of the ‘2013 Candidate Tournament’-Magnus Carlsen of Norway
- Rank 2- Vladimir Kramnik of Russia
- Rank 3- Peter Svidler of Russia
- Rank 4-Levon Aronian of Armenia
- Rank 5-Boris Gelfand of Israel
- Rank 6-Alexander Grischuk of Russia
- Rank 7-Vassily Ivanchuk of Ukraine
- Rank 8-Teimour Radjabov of Azerbaijan
Accordingly, ‘The World Chess Championship-2013’ Match was inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu, Selvi.J.Jayalalitha on 7th November 2013, in a grand function held at the “Nehru Indoor Stadium”, Chennai.
The Finals Match of the ‘World Chess Championship-2013’ was decided to be held at ‘The Hotel Hyatt Regency’– a 5 Star Luxury Hotel in Chennai, India.
The Matches were scheduled to be held from 9th November 2013 to 28th November 2013, including 12 games from 9th November 2013 to 26th November 2013, and ‘Tie-Breaker-Games’ on 28th November 2013, in case of a tie, after 12 games.
The days after the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th and 11th games and in case of a tie, the days after the 12th game would be rest days, and the tie breaker games would be played on the 14th day.
As the match came to an end after the 10th Game played on 22nd November 2013, the remaining schedule upto 28th November were cancelled.
In the match to decide the the ‘2013 World Chess Champion’, 12 games were to be played between the ‘challenger’ and the ‘defending champion of 2012’.
For a win in a game 1 the winner would get 1 point and the loser will get zero point and in the game drawn the point of each game drawn would be shared equally by both the players equally, with 0.5 point to each.
The player getting 6.5 points, at the end of the 12 games, or after any one of the games, earlier than the 12th game would be the winner of the match and the ‘2013 World Chess Champion’.
In case of a tie with 6 points each for both the players, the ‘tie breaker’ games would be played to decide the winner of the match.
The champion of the match was decided after Anand and Carlsen played 10 games, out of which 7 games were drawn and 3 games were won by the Carlsen.
The details of the games played and the results are as given below:
Game No./Date,Day Played/Anand’s Colour/Result/Points /Total Points(Anand-Carlsen)
1/9th November 2013, Saturday/Black/Draw/0.5-0.5/0.5-05
2/10th November 2013, Sunday/White/Draw/0.5-0.5/1-1
3/12th November 2013, Tuesday/Black/Draw/0.5-0.5/1.5-1.5
4/13th November 2013, Wednesday/White/Draw/0.5-0.5/2-2
5/15th November 2013, Friday/Black/Carlsen Won/0-1/2-3
6/16th November 2013, Saturday/White/Carlsen Won/0-1/2-4
7/18th November 2013, Monday/Black/Draw/0.5-0.5/2.5-4.5
8/19th November 2013, Tuesday/White/Draw/0.5-0.5/3-5
9/21st November 2013, Thursday/Black/Carlsen Won/0-1/3-6
10/22nd November 2013, Friday/White/Draw/0.5-0.5/3.5-6.5
Viswanathan Anand:3.5 and Magnus Carlsen:6.5 with 7 draws and 3 wins to Carlsen
(Carlsen got 6.5 points 2 games ahead of the total of 12 games)
Magnus Carlsen Won the Match and Title of the “FIDE-World Chess Champion-2013”.
Magnus Carlsen of Norway won the match and became the undisputed World Chess Champion-2013, defeating the 2012 World Chess Champion Viswanathan Anand of India
The defeated World Chess Champion of 2012- Anand would receive an amount of 1.02 Millions of US $, while the winner of 2013 World Chess Championship Carlsen would receive an amount of 1.53 Millions of US $.
- The ‘Winner’s Trophy’made of 22 carats gold, weighing 103.600 gms (costing about Rs 3 Lakhs), (The FIDE Winner’s Trophy, hitherto, had been made of silver with gold plating),
- A gold medal,
- A cheque for Rs 9,90,00,000/- (Rupess Nine Crores and Ninety Lakhs) and
- A special olive garland, made in and brought from Nilgiris.
- A silver ‘Runner-Trophy’ and
- A cheque for Rs 6,03,00,000/-(Rupees Six Crores and Three Lakhs).
The former World Chess Champion Viswanathan Anand of India will continue to play his game of chess, without bearing the burden of his ‘World Chess Champion Crown’, snatched away by a young chess player holding the highest rating in the game of international chess, Magnus Carlsen of Norway.
Quotes of Viswanthan Anand on the Game of Chess:
“For me, chess is not a profession. It is a way of life, a passion. People may feel that I have conquered the peak and will not have to struggle. Financially, perhaps that is true; but as far as chess goes, I’m still learning a lot!”
“In a way players at the top should try to promote the game in their own countries as that is the legacy that makes you feel proud. If you have not done that you have failed as a sportsperson.”
Let us hope that India’s Chess Grand-Master Viswanthan Anand will spend more time in his home country-India and fulfill his implied promise of promoting the game of Chess in his home country – India.
Will Viswanathan Anand Become World Chess Champion of 2014?