List of “Bharat Ratna”-Award Recipients From 1954 Till Date

List of “Bharat Ratna”-Award Recipients From 1954 Till Date
bharat ratnas
The highest Civilian Award in India, the  “Bharat Ratna” Award

Bharat Ratna Award

was established on 2nd January 1954 by the first  President of India- Babu Rajendra Prasad along with the following 3 “Padma Awards”:

  • Padma Vibhusan
  • Padma Bhusan
  • Padma Shri

“Bharat Ratna” means “Gem of India”.

“Bharat Ratna” Award  is  conferred on  Indian Citizens, including resident and non-resident , and also on Foreigners  for the highest degrees of  national services rendered in the fields of:-

  • Art
  • Literature
  • Science
  • Public service of high orders

In the year 2011, the Government of India modified the eligibility criteria for “Bharat Ratna” Award  from the earlier criteria- “for the highest degrees of  national service” to – ” “for performance of highest order in any field of human endeavour”- to enable eminent sports-persons to receive the  nation’s highest civilian award.

Initially, the” Bharat  Ratna”  award was conferred on only  alive persons and the award was  not intended to be given posthumous.

After January 1955 provision was made for issue of posthumous Bharat Ratna award.

The Following is the List of “Bharat Ratna”-Award Recipients-  From the Year 1954 Till Date::-

1954 (6):
1.   SIR SARVAPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN  (1888–1975)-

The Second President and the  First Vice President of India, A Philosopher belonging to Tamil Nadu whose birthday is commemorated as “Teachers’ Day”.

Dr.S.Radhakrishnan

2. CHAKRAVARTI RAJAGOPALACHARI/RAJAJI1878–1972)- The last Governor General of British India who was also an Indian  Freedom Fighter, belonging to Tamilnadu

Raja Gopalachari

3.SIR C.V.RAMAN ( 1888–1970)- Nobel-prize winning Physicist belonging to  Tamil Nadu

Sir C.V.Raman
1955 (1):-
4. DR.BHAGWAN DAS  (1869–1958)- A Man of Literature and an  Indian  Freedom Fighter  belonging to Uttar Pradesh
Dr.Bhagavan Das

5. SIR MOKSHAGUNDAM VISVESVARAYYA  (1861–1962)- An Indian  Civil Engineer and Dam Architect,  A Diwan of  Princely state of Mysore Karnataka

Sir M.Visvesvaraya

 6. PANDIT JAWAHARLAL NEHRU (1889–1964)- The First Prime Minister of India and an Indian  Freedom Fighter and  Writer belonging to Uttar Pradesh

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
1956: None
1957 (1):
7. MR. GOVIND BALLBH PANT  (1887–1961)- An Indian Freedom Fighter and Home Minister of Indian Union belonging to Uttar Pradesh, now Uttarakhand
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant

1958 (1):
8. DHONDO KESHAV KARVE (1858–1962) –An Educationist and a Social Reformer belonging to Maharashtra- Awarded Bharata Ratna in his birth centenary year 1958

D.K.Karve

1959 and1960: None
1961 (2):
9. DR.B.C.ROY (1882–1962)_ A Physician, Politician and Former Chief Minister of West Bengal belonging to West Bengal

Dr. B.C.Roy

10. MR.PURUSHOTTAM DAS TANDON  (1882–1962)- An Indian- Freedom Fighter and an   Educationist belonging to Uttar Pradesh

P.S.Tandon

1962:None
1963 (3):
11. DR. BABU RAJENDRA PRASAD  (1884–1963)- The first President of India, a Freedom Fighter and a Jurist belonging to Bihar

Babu Rajendra Prasad

12. DR ZAKIR HUSSAIN (1897–1969)-Former President of India and a Scholar  belonging to Andhra Pradesh

Dr. Zakir Hussain

13.  MR. PANDURANG VAMAN KANE  (1880–1972)- Ideologist and Sanskrit scholar   belonging to Maharashtra

P.V.Kane

1964 and 1965: None
1966 (1):

14. LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI (1904–1966)–The Second Prime Minister of India a Freedom Fighter belonging to Uttar Pradesh- Awarded Posthumously

Lal Bahadur Shastri

From 1967 To 1970:  None
1971 (1):

15. MRS. INDIRA GANDHI(1917–1984)- Former and the first and the only Lady Prime Minister of India/Daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, belonging to Uttar Pradesh

Indira Gandhi

From 1972 To 1974: None
1975 (1):

16. MR.V.V.GIRI  (1894–1980)- Former President- Trade Unionist originally belonging to Orissa /Oddisha-  (Born in Orissa /Odissha and later settled in Tamilnadu after his 21st year of age)

V.V.Giri

1976 (1):

17. MR.K.KAMARAJ (1903–1975)–A Freedom Fighter-Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu belonging to Tamil Nadu – Awarded Posthumously 

K.Kamaraj

1977 To 1979:None
The ‘Bharat  Ratna” award  had been  kept suspended by the Government of  India,from  13th July 1977 to 26th January 1980.

1980 (1):
18 . MOTHER TERESA 1910–1997)- A Nobel Laureate (For Peace, 1979) A foreigner belonging to the Republic of Macedonia-  dedicated to the Sick people of India especially for those who were affected by Leprosy

Mother Teresa

1981 and 1982: None
1983 (1):
19. ACHARYA VINOBA BHAVE (1895–1982)– A Social  Reformer and a Freedom Fighter belonging to Maharashtra-Awarded Posthumously

Vinoba Bhave

From 1984 To 1986:- None
1987 (1):
20. MR.KHAN ABDUL GHAFFAR KHAN / “Frontier Gandhi“, (1890–1988)-

The first non-citizen awarded Bharata Ratna- A Freedom Fighter belonging to Pakistan

Frontier Gandhi Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

1988 (1):
21. MR.M.G.RAMACHANDRAN /MGR (1917–1987)- -Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu- Popular Cinema Actor belonging to Tamil Nadu- Awarded Posthumously 

Puratchi Thalaivar M.G.R.

1989:None
1990 (2):
22. DR.B.R.AMBEDKAR (1891–1956)- An Architect who  played a key role in the formation of the Indian Constitution, a Social Reformer, Economist and Scholar belonging to Maharashtra-

Awarded Posthumously-

B.R.Ambedkar 

23.  DR. NELSON MANDELA (1918-2013) –  The Second non-citizen and the first non-Indian awarded Bharat  Ratna- A Leader of Anti-Apartheid movement belonging to South Africa

Nelson Mandela
1991 (3):
24. MR.RAJIV GANDHI (1944–1991)- – Former Prime Minister of India/Son of Mrs.Indira Gandhi/Grand-son of  Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru- belonging to New Delhi –Awarded Posthumously
Rajiv Gandhi

25. SARDAR VALLBHBHAI PATEL(1875–1950)- An Indian  Freedom  Fighter and the First Home Minister of India belonging to Gujarat-Awarded Posthumously-

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
26. MR. MORARJI DESAI  (1896–1995)- A Former Prime Minister of India  and an Indian  Freedom
Fighter belonging to Gujarat. He was the First Ever Non-Congress Prime Minister of India.

Morarji Desai
1992 (3):
27 MR.MAULANA ABDUL KALAM AZAD  (1888–1958) – AFreedom Fighter and the First Education Minister of India belonging to WestBengal-Awarded Posthumously
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
28. MR..J. R. D. TATA (1904–1993)- An Industrialist and a philanthropist  belonging to Maharashtra
J.R.D.Tata
29. MR.SATYAJIT RAY  (1922–1992)- A popular Bengali -Film Director-An Oscar Award-winner
Satyajit Ray

From 1993 To 1996: None
1997 (3):
30.   DR.A.P.J. ABDUL KALAM ( 1931-2015) -A Former President of India- Atomic Scientist belonging to Tamil Nadu

A.P.J.Abdul Kalam

31. MR.GULZARLAL NANDA  (1898–1998)-An Indian  Freedom Fighter and a former(Acting) Prime Minister of India belonging to Punjab

Gulzarilal Nanda

32.  MS.ARUNA ASAF ALI (1908–1996) An Indian  Freedom Fighter belonging to West Bengal-Awarded Posthumously

Aruna Asaf Ali

1998 (2):

33 .MRS.M.S.SUBBULAKSHMI  (1916–2004)- A Carnatic music vocalist  belonging to Tamil Nadu

34. MR. CHIDAMBARAM /C.S. (1910–2000)- An Indian  Freedom Fighter and former Indian Union Minister of Agriculture – belonging  to Tamil Nadu

C.Subramaniam
35 MR. JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN  (1902–1979)- A Freedom -Fighter and a Social Reformer belonging to Bihar- Awarded Posthumously
Jayaprakash Narayan

Recipients of 1999 (3):

36 . PANDIT RAVI SHANKAR  (1920-2012) A Classical-Sitarist  belonging to Uttar Pradesh.

Pandit Ravi Shankar

37.  DR. AMARTYA SEN ( Born in 1933 ) An Indian Economist  and a Nobel Laureate ( For Economics, 1998),-belonging to West Bengal

Dr.Amartya Sen
38.  MR. GOPINATH BORDOLOI (1890–1950)– An Indian freedom  fighter belonging to Assam- Awarded Posthumously
Gopinath Bordoloi

2000:None
2001 (2):

39.  MS.LATA MANGESHKAR ( Born in 1929)  A Hindi -Cinema-Play back Singer belonging  to Maharashtra

Lata Mangeshkar

40.  USTAD BISMILLAH KHAN  (1916-2006)- A Classical Shehnai- Maestro belonging to Bihar

Ustad Bismillah Khan

From 2002 To 2007:None
2008 (1):

41PANDIT BHIMSEN GURURAJ JOSHI (1922-2011)  A Hindustani classical vocalist belonging to Karnataka.

B.G.Joshi
From 2009 To 2012: None
2013: 
42.  MR. SACHIN RAMESH TENDULKAR  (Born in the year 1973)- Indian Sports Person / Cricketer

 

43.  DR.C.N.RAO – Indian Chemist- the man behind India’s maiden ‘Mars’-Mission 

2014-(2):

44)  MR.ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE  (Born on 24th December 1924-) 90 years old, former Prime Minister of India.


45)  MR.MADAN MOHAN MALAVIAYA (1861-1946)- Indian politician and the founder of Banaras Hindu University / BHU- Awarded posthumously

 

Does Sachin deserve Bharat Ratna – Your Opinion

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19 Responses to "List of “Bharat Ratna”-Award Recipients From 1954 Till Date"

  1. I salute all The 41 Indian freedom fighter and including three foreigner , who recived the highest civilian award of India ,called gem of India. and I have a great regard to all of them . mother Theresa and Mrs.Indira Gandhi ,both are my idol lady .i have a great regard for all of them for art, liturature and,science and social work.
    Santosh Sharma

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  2. One family has been awarded three (3) Bharat Ratna by the Govt. of India in the past years; Nehruji, Indiraji, Rajivji. Remaining two (alive) Soniaji and Rahulji also deserve for the award due to Gandhian Family, pl do'nt forget.

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  3. Congress Govt had not been fair with the countrymen . The real gems of this country Dr B R Ambedkar and Sardar Patel should have been considered for this award in the early fifties immdiately after 26th January 1950 .

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