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- The 7th Schedule of the Constitution of India-item number 4-under the lists of the states in India,
- The ‘Prisons Act 1894’,
- ‘Prisoners Act 1900’,
- The Transfer of Prisoners Act of 1950 of the Union Government of India and
- The ‘Prison Manuals’ of the respective states.
The Central Government of India will provide assistance to the states in Administration and Management of Prisons for the following:
- To improve security in prisons,
- For the repair and renovation of old prisons,
- For the medical facilities,
- For development of borstal schools/minors’ jails,
- Facilities to women prisoners
- For vocational training,
- For modernization of prison industries,
- For training to prison personnel and
- For the creation of high security enclosures.
- A person in prison does not become a ‘Non-Person”
- A person in prison is entitled to all human rights within the limitations of imprisonment.
- There is no justification for aggravating the suffering already inherent in the process of incarceration.
No./Type of Prison/Description/ Number of Prisons/Capacity of Prisons
1. Central Jails/ larger capacity with rehabilitation facilities /123/1,37,249
2. District Jails/Main prisons in states and union territories not having central jails/333/1,24,768
3. Sub Jails/Small prisons in Sub-Divisonal levels/809/50,908
4. Women Jails/For Women only/19/4,271
5. Open Jails/For specific good convicts-prisoners engaged in Agricultural Activities/44 /3,766
6. Borstal Schools/Minors’ Jail-Rehabiliation centres-Vocational Training-Education/21/2,218
7. Special Jails /High security-special arrangements-for convicts of terrorism, insurgency and violent crimes/ 30 /9,279
8. Other Jails /Not under the above 7 types/3 / 323
Total /Types of Jails: 8/Number of Jails:1382/Total Capacity of Prisoners:3,32,782