Biography of Sir C.V.Raman- Indian Physicist- Nobel Prize Winner

Name: Venkata Raman Chandrasekharan

Known As: Sir C.V.Raman

Date of Birth: 7th November 1888 at Thiruvanai Koil, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu (The Second of the 8 Children of their parents)

Date of Death: 21st November 1970 (At the Age of 82 Years) at Bangalore, Karnataka

Father:   Prof.Chandrasekhara Iyer , Had been a lecturer in Mathematics and Physics at Madras Presidency College, Madras

Mother: Parvati Ammal /Saptarshi Parvati

Spouse: Lokasundari Ammal

Children: Two Sons-Chandrasekhar and Radhakrishnan

Elder Brother’s Son:
Prof. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, the Nobel Prize Winner  in Physics in the year 1983 for his discovery of the “Chandrasekhar Limit” was Sir C.V.Raman’s elder brother’s son.

Studied At: 
St Aloysious Anglo-Indian High School, Vishakapattinam

Madras Presidency College- B.A. with Gold Medal in Physics-1904 and M.A. with Distinctions-1907

Physicist/Scientist- After his studies,  C.Venkataraman joined Government Services. In the year 1917 after resigning his Government job, he joined as a Professor in Physics in the University of Calcutta. At the same time he continued his research at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science/ IACS, Calcutta.

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Conferred on Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 1930 for his “Raman Effects”, discovered in his experiments in IACS Calcutta in collaborations with his co-Physicists in the year 1928.

Sir.C.V.Raman has written and published many books on various topics in Science/Physics.

After retiring from the Indian Institute of Science in the year 1944 Sir.C.V.Raman  established the “Raman Research Institute” in Bangalore, Karnataka in the year 1945 and he had been an active director of the Institute till his death in the year 1970.

Awards and Honours  Given to Sir C.V.Raman : 

  • Knight Bachelor- By the British Government-1929
  • Nobel Prize for Physics: 1930
  • Lenin Peace Prize- By the Soviet Union of Russia-1957
  • The day of the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’, the 28th of February is celebrated in India as the “National Science Day”, to honour Sir C.V.Raman.

  • “Google” has celebrated the 125th Birthday of Sir.C.V.Raman with its ‘Doodle’on its search page on 7th November 2013.

Quote by Sir C.V.Raman:

“Science progresses only by asking good questions. Greatest contributions to Science was given by Scientists in their early twenties.”- Sir.C.V.Raman

Related Reading:
List of Indians Awarded Nobel Prize

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Kshama B
9 years ago

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